Verzeichnis:Interlingua/Chemische Elemente

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Liste der natürlichen Elemente[Bearbeiten]

Liste von natürlichen chemischen Elementen in den Sprachen Interlingua und Deutsch (vor-sortiert nach Spalte Symbol)

Übernahme und Anpassung von Verzeichnis:Slowakisch/Chemische Elemente
elemento Elementos chimic chemische Elemente Symbol Ordnungszahl
actinium Aktinium n Ac 89
argento Silber n Ag 47
aluminium Aluminium n Al 13
argon Argon n Ar 18
arsenico Arsen n As 33
astatium Astat n At 85
auro Gold n Au 79
bor, borium Bor n B 5
barium Barium n Ba 56
beryllium Beryllium n Be 4
bismuth Bismut n Bi 83
bromo Brom n Br 35
carbon Kohlenstoff m C 6
calcium Calcium n Ca 20
cadmium Cadmium n Cd 48
cerium Cer n Ce 58
chloro Chlor n Cl 17
cobalt Cobalt n Co 27
chromo Chrom n Cr 24
cesium Cäsium n Cs 55
cupro Kupfer n Cu 29
dysprosium Dysprosium n Dy 66
erbium Erbium n Er 68
europium Europium n Eu 63
fluor Fluor n F 9
ferro Eisen n Fe 26
francium Francium n Fr 87
gallium Gallium n Ga 31
gadolinium Gadolinium n Gd 64
germanium Germanium n Ge 32
hydrogeno Wasserstoff m H 1
helium Helium n He 2
hafnium Hafnium n Hf 72
mercurio Quecksilber n Hg 80
holmium Holmium n Ho 67
iodo Jod n I 53
indium Indium n In 49
iridium Iridium n Ir 77
potassium Kalium n K 19
krypton Krypton n Kr 36
lanthano, lanthanum Lanthan n La 57
lithium Lithium n Li 3
lutetium Lutetium n Lu 71
magnesium Magnesium n Mg 12
manganese Mangan n Mn 25
molybdeno Molybdän n Mo 42
nitrogeno Stickstoff m N 7
natrium, sodium Natrium n Na 11
sodium, natrium Natrium n Na 11
niobium Niob n Nb 41
neodymium Neodym n Nd 60
neon Neon n Ne 10
nickel Nickel n Ni 28
oxygeno Sauerstoff m O 8
osmium Osmium n Os 76
phosphoro Phosphor m P 15
protactinium Protactinium n Pa 91
plumbo Blei n Pb 82
palladium Palladium n Pd 46
polonium Polonium n Po 84
praseodymium Praseodym n Pr 59
platino Platin n Pt 78
radium Radium n Ra 88
rubidium Rubidium n Rb 37
rhenium Rhenium n Re 75
rhodium Rhodium n Rh 45
radon Radon n Rn 86
ruthenium Ruthenium n Ru 44
sulfure Schwefel m S 16
antimon Antimon n Sb 51
scandium Scandium n Sc 21
selenium Selen n Se 34
samarium Samarium n Sm 62
stanno Zinn n Sn 50
silicium Silizium n Si 14
strontium Strontium n Sr 38
tantalo, tantalium? Tantal n Ta 73
terbium Terbium n Tb 65
tellurium Tellur n Te 52
thorium Thorium n Th 90
titanium Titan n Ti 22
thallium Thallium n Tl 81
thulium Thulium n Tm 69
uranium Uran n U 92
vanadium Vanadium n V 23
tungsten Wolfram n W 74
xenon Xenon n Xe 54
yttrium Yttrium n Y 39
ytterbium Ytterbium n Yb 70
zinc Zink n Zn 30
zirconium Zirkonium n Zr 40
Spalte Elementos chimic nach Interlingua dictionario basic, Th. Breinstrup et al., UMI, 2011, p. 255, 266

umfangreiche IUPAC-Liste[Bearbeiten]

Lista de elementos chimic.
w:Liste der chemischen Elemente
Die Liste ist vorsortiert nach Ordnungszahlen
Nomine latin solo quando es differente del nomine in interlingua o del nomine IUPAC.
Import von w:ia:Appendice:Lista de elementos chimic
Numero - Ordnungszahl Symbolo chimic - Symbol Nomine - Name (ia) Nomine latin - lateinischer Name ! Name (de) Nomine IUPAC Massa atomic - Atommasse Densitate a - Dichte bei 20 (°C) Puncto de fusion - Schmelzpunkt (°C) Puncto de ebullition - Siedepunkt (°C) anno de discoperta - Jahr der Entdeckung discoperitor - Entdecker
1 H hydrogeno Wasserstoff Hydrogen 1,00794 g/mol 0,084 g/l -259,1 °C -252,9 °C 1766 Cavendish
2 He helium Helium Helium 4,002602 g/mol 0,17 g/l -272,2 °C -268,9 °C 1895 Ramsay e Cleve
3 Li lithium Lithium Lithium 6,941 g/mol 0,53 g/cm3 180,5 °C 1317 °C 1817 Arfvedson
4 Be beryllium Beryllium Beryllium 9,012182 g/mol 1,85 g/cm3 1278 °C 2970 °C 1797 Vauquelin
5 B boro Bor Boron 10,811 g/mol 2,46 g/cm3 2300 °C 2550 °C 1808 Davy e Gay-Lussac
6 C carbon Kohlenstoff Carbon 12,011 g/mol 3,51 g/cm3 3550 °C 4827 °C prehistoric incognite
7 N nitrogeno Stickstoff Nitrogen 14,00674 g/mol 1,17 g/l -209,9 °C -195,8 °C 1772 Rutherford
8 O oxygeno Sauerstoff Oxygen 15,9994 g/mol 1,33 g/l -218,4 °C -182,9 °C 1774 Priestley e Scheele
9 F fluor Fluor Fluor 18,9984032 g/mol 1,58 g/l -219,6 °C -188,1 °C 1886 Moissan
10 Ne neon Neon Neon 20,1797 g/mol 0,84 g/l -248,7 °C -246,1 °C 1898 Ramsay e Travers
11 Na natrium Natrium Sodium 22,989768 g/mol 0,97 g/cm3 97,8 °C 892 °C 1807 Davy
12 Mg magnesium Magnesium Magnesium 24,305 g/mol 1,74 g/cm3 648,8 °C 1107 °C 1755 Black
13 Al aluminium Aluminium Aluminium 26,981539 g/mol 2,70 g/cm3 660,5 °C 2467 °C 1825 Oersted
14 Si silicium Silicium Silicium 28,0855 g/mol 2,33 g/cm3 1410 °C 2355 °C 1824 Berzelius
15 P phosphoro Phosphor Phosphorus 30,973762 g/mol 1,82 g/cm3 44 (P4) °C 280 (P4) °C 1669 Brandt
16 S sulfure Schwefel Sulfur 32,066 g/mol 2,06 g/cm3 113 °C 444,7 °C prehistoric incognite
17 Cl chloro Chlor Chlorine 35,4527 g/mol 2,95 g/l -34,6 °C -101 °C 1774 Scheele
18 Ar argon Argon Argon 39,948 g/mol 1,66 g/l -189,4 °C -185,9 °C 1894 Ramsay e Rayleigh
19 K kalium Kalium Potassium 39,0983 g/mol 0,86 g/cm3 63,7 °C 774 °C 1807 Davy
20 Ca calcium Kalzium Calcium 40,078 g/mol 1,54 g/cm3 839 °C 1487 °C 1808 Davy
21 Sc scandium Scandium Scandium 44,95591 g/mol 2,99 g/cm3 1539 °C 2832 °C 1879 Nilson
22 Ti titanium Titan Titanium 47,88 g/mol 4,51 g/cm3 1660 °C 3260 °C 1791 Gregor e Klaproth
23 V vanadium Vanadium Vanadium 50,9415 g/mol 6,09 g/cm3 1890 °C 3380 °C 1801 del Rio
24 Cr chromo, chromium Chrom Chromium 51,9961 g/mol 7,14 g/cm3 1857 °C 2482 °C 1797 Vauquelin
25 Mn manganese Mangan Manganese 54,93805 g/mol 7,44 g/cm3 1244 °C 2097 °C 1774 Gahn
26 Fe ferro Eisen Iron 55,847 g/mol 7,87 g/cm3 1535 °C 2750 °C prehistoric incognite
27 Co cobalt Kobalt Cobalt 58,9332 g/mol 8,89 g/cm3 1495 °C 2870 °C 1735 Brandt
28 Ni nickel Nickel Nickel 58,69 g/mol 8,91 g/cm3 1453 °C 2732 °C 1751 Cronstedt
29 Cu cupro Kupfer Copper 63,546 g/mol 8,92 g/cm3 1083,5 °C 2595 °C prehistoric incognite
30 Zn zinc Zink Zinc 65,39 g/mol 7,14 g/cm3 419,6 °C 907 °C prehistoric incognite
31 Ga gallium Gallium Gallium 69,723 g/mol 5,91 g/cm3 29,8 °C 2403 °C 1875 Lecoq de Boiskaudran
32 Ge germanium Germanium Germanium 72,61 g/mol 5,32 g/cm3 937,4 °C 2830 °C 1886 Winkler
33 As arsenico Arsen Arsenic 74,92159 g/mol 5,72 g/cm3 613 °C 613 (sublimate) °C ca. 1250 Albertus Magnus
34 Se selenium Selen Selenium 78,96 g/mol 4,82 g/cm3 217 °C 685 °C 1817 Berzelius
35 Br bromo Brom Bromine 79,904 g/mol 3,14 g/cm3 -7,3 °C 58,8 °C 1826 Balard
36 Kr krypton Krypton Krypton 83,8 g/mol 3,48 g/l -156,6 °C -152,3 °C 1898 Ramsay e Travers
37 Rb rubidium Rubidium Rubidium 85,4678 g/mol 1,53 g/cm3 39 °C 688 °C 1861 Bunsen e Kirchhoff
38 Sr strontium Strontium Strontium 87,62 g/mol 2,63 g/cm3 769 °C 1384 °C 1790 Crawford
39 Y yttrium Yttrium Yttrium 88,90585 g/mol 4,47 g/cm3 1523 °C 3337 °C 1794 Gadolin
40 Zr zirconium Zirkonium Zirconium 91,224 g/mol 6,51 g/cm3 1852 °C 4377 °C 1789 Klaproth
41 Nb niobium Niob Niobium 92,90638 g/mol 8,58 g/cm3 2468 °C 4927 °C 1801 Hatchet
42 Mo molybdeno Molybdän Molybdenum 95,94 g/mol 10,28 g/cm3 2617 °C 5560 °C 1778 Scheele
43 Tc technetium Technetium Technetium 98,9063 g/mol 11,49 g/cm3 2172 °C 5030 °C 1937 Perrier and Segrè
44 Ru ruthenium Ruthenium Ruthenium 101,07 g/mol 12,45 g/cm3 2310 °C 3900 °C 1844 Claus
45 Rh rhodium Rhodium Rhodium 102,9055 g/mol 12,41 g/cm3 1966 °C 3727 °C 1803 Wollaston
46 Pd palladium Palladium Palladium 106,42 g/mol 12,02 g/cm3 1552 °C 3140 °C 1803 Wollaston
47 Ag argento Silber Silver 107,8682 g/mol 10,49 g/cm3 961,9 °C 2212 °C prehistoric incognite
48 Cd cadmium Cadmium Cadmium 112,411 g/mol 8,64 g/cm3 321 °C 765 °C 1817 Stromeyer e Hermann
49 In indium Indium Indium 114,82 g/mol 7,31 g/cm3 156,2 °C 2080 °C 1863 Reich e Richter
50 Sn stanno Zinn Tin 118,71 g/mol 7,29 g/cm3 232 °C 2270 °C prehistoric incognite
51 Sb antimonio, stibium Antimon Antimony 121,75 g/mol 6,69 g/cm3 630,7 °C 1750 °C prehistoric incognite
52 Te tellurium Tellur Tellurium 127,6 g/mol 6,25 g/cm3 449,6 °C 990 °C 1782 von Reichenstein
53 I iodo Jod Iodine 126,90447 g/mol 4,94 g/cm3 113,5 °C 184,4 °C 1811 Courtois
54 Xe xenon Xenon Xenon 131,29 g/mol 4,49 g/l -111,9 °C -107 °C 1898 Ramsay e Travers
55 Cs cesium Cäsium Cesium 132,90543 g/mol 1,90 g/cm3 28,4 °C 690 °C 1860 Kirchhoff e Bunsen
56 Ba barium Barium Barium 137,327 g/mol 3,65 g/cm3 725 °C 1640 °C 1808 Davy
57 La lanthano Lanthan Lanthanum 138,9055 g/mol 6,16 g/cm3 920 °C 3454 °C 1839 Mosander
58 Ce cerium Cer Cerium 140,115 g/mol 6,77 g/cm3 798 °C 3257 °C 1803 von Hisinger e Berzelius
59 Pr praseodymium Praseodym Praseodymium 140,90765 g/mol 6,48 g/cm3 931 °C 3212 °C 1895 von Welsbach
60 Nd neodymium Neodym Neodymium 144,24 g/mol 7,00 g/cm3 1010 °C 3127 °C 1895 von Welsbach
61 Pm promethium Promethium Promethium 146,9151 g/mol 7,22 g/cm3 1080 °C 2730 °C 1945 Marinsky e Glendenin
62 Sm samarium Samarium Samarium 150,36 g/mol 7,54 g/cm3 1072 °C 1778 °C 1879 Lecoq de Boisbaudran
63 Eu europium Europium Europium 151,965 g/mol 5,25 g/cm3 822 °C 1597 °C 1901 Demaçay
64 Gd gadolinium Gadolinium Gadolinium 157,25 g/mol 7,89 g/cm3 1311 °C 3233 °C 1880 de Marignac
65 Tb terbium Terbium Terbium 158,92534 g/mol 8,25 g/cm3 1360 °C 3041 °C 1843 Mosander
66 Dy dysprosium Dysprosium Dysprosium 162,5 g/mol 8,56 g/cm3 1409 °C 2335 °C 1886 Lecoq de Boisbaudran
67 Ho holmium Holmium Holmium 164,93032 g/mol 8,78 g/cm3 1470 °C 2720 °C 1878 Soret
68 Er erbium Erbium Erbium 167,26 g/mol 9,05 g/cm3 1522 °C 2510 °C 1842 Mosander
69 Tm thulium Thulium Thulium 168,93421 g/mol 9,32 g/cm3 1545 °C 1727 °C 1879 Cleve
70 Yb ytterbium Ytterbium Ytterbium 173,04 g/mol 6,97 g/cm3 824 °C 1193 °C 1878 de Marignac
71 Lu lutetium Lutetium Lutetium 174,967 g/mol 9,84 g/cm3 1656 °C 3315 °C 1907 Urbain
72 Hf hafnium Hafnium Hafnium 178,49 g/mol 13,31 g/cm3 2150 °C 5400 °C 1923 Coster e vón Hevesy
73 Ta tantalo, tantalium? Tantal Tantalum 180,9479 g/mol 16,68 g/cm3 2996 °C 5425 °C 1802 Ekeberg
74 W tungsten, wolframium Wolfram Tungsten 183,85 g/mol 19,26 g/cm3 3407 °C 5927 °C 1783 Gebrüder de Elhuyar
75 Re rhenium Rhenium Rhenium 186,207 g/mol 21,03 g/cm3 3180 °C 5627 °C 1925 Noddack, Tacke e Berg
76 Os osmium Osmium Osmium 190,2 g/mol 22,61 g/cm3 3045 °C 5027 °C 1803 Tenant
77 Ir iridium Iridium Iridium 192,22 g/mol 22,65 g/cm3 2410 °C 4130 °C 1803 Tenant e alteres
78 Pt platino Platin Platinum 195,08 g/mol 21,45 g/cm3 1772 °C 3827 °C 1557 Scaliger
79 Au auro Gold Gold 196,96654 g/mol 19,32 g/cm3 1064,4 °C 2940 °C prehistoric incognite
80 Hg mercurio Quecksilber Mercury 200,59 g/mol 13,55 g/cm3 -38,9 °C 356,6 °C prehistoric incognite
81 Tl thallium Thallium Thallium 204,3833 g/mol 11,85 g/cm3 303,6 °C 1457 °C 1861 Crookes
82 Pb plumbo Blei Lead 207,2 g/mol 11,34 g/cm3 327,5 °C 1740 °C prehistoric incognite
83 Bi bismuth Wismut, Bismut Bismuth 208,98037 g/mol 9,80 g/cm3 271,4 °C 1560 °C 1540 Agricola
84 Po polonium Polonium Polonium 208,9824 g/mol 9,20 g/cm3 254 °C 962 °C 1898 Marie e Pierre Curie
85 At astato Astat Astatine 209,9871 g/mol 302 °C 337 °C 1940 Corson e MacKenzie
86 Rn radon Radon Radon 222,0176 g/mol 9,23 g/l -71 °C -61,8 °C 1900 Dorn
87 Fr francium Francium Francium 223,0197 g/mol 27 °C 677 °C 1939 Perey
88 Ra radium Radium Radium 226,0254 g/mol 5,50 g/cm3 700 °C 1140 °C 1898 Marie e Pierre Curie
89 Ac actinium Actinium Actinium 227,0278 g/mol 10,07 g/cm3 1047 °C 3197 °C 1899 Debierne
90 Th thorium Thorium Thorium 232,0381 g/mol 11,72 g/cm3 1750 °C 4787 °C 1829 Berzelius
91 Pa protactinium Protactinium Protactinium 231,0359 g/mol 15,37 g/cm3 1554 °C 4030 °C 1917 Soddy, Cranston e Hahn
92 U uranium Uran Uranium 238,0289 g/mol 18,97 g/cm3 1132,4 °C 3818 °C 1789 Klaproth
93 Np neptunium Neptunium Neptunium 237,0482 g/mol 20,48 g/cm3 640 °C 3902 °C 1940 McMillan and Abelson
94 Pu plutonium Plutonium Plutonium 244,0642 g/mol 19,74 g/cm3 641 °C 3327 °C 1940 Seaborg
95 Am americium Americium Americium 243,0614 g/mol 13,67 g/cm3 994 °C 2607 °C 1944 Seaborg
96 Cm curium Curium Curium 247,0703 g/mol 13,51 g/cm3 1340 °C 1944 Seaborg
97 Bk berkelium Berkelium Berkelium 247,0703 g/mol 13,25 g/cm3 986 °C 1949 Seaborg
98 Cf californium Californium Californium 251,0796 g/mol 15,1 g/cm3 900 °C 1950 Seaborg
99 Es einsteinium Einsteinium Einsteinium 252,0829 g/mol 860 °C 1952 Seaborg
100 Fm fermium Fermium Fermium 257,0951 g/mol 1952 Seaborg
101 Md mendelevium Mendelevium Mendelevium 258,0986 g/mol 1955 Seaborg
102 No nobelium Nobelium Nobelium 259,1009 g/mol 1958 Seaborg
103 Lr lawrencium Lawrencium Lawrencium 260,1053 g/mol 1961 Ghiorso
104 Rf rutherfordium Rutherfordium Rutherfordium 261,1087 g/mol 1964/69 Flerow o Ghiorso
105 Db dubnium Dubnium Dubnium 262,1138 g/mol 1967/70 Flerow o Ghiorso
106 Sg seaborgium Seaborgium Seaborgium 263,1182 g/mol 1974 Oganessian
107 Bh bohrium Bohrium Bohrium 262,1229 g/mol 1976 Oganessian
108 Hs hassium Hassium Hassium 265 g/mol 1984 Society for Heavy Ion Research
109 Mt meitnerium Meitnerium Meitnerium 266 g/mol 1982 Society for Heavy Ion Research
110 Ds darmstadtium Darmstadtium Darmstadtium 269 g/mol 1994 Society for Heavy Ion Research
111 Rg roentgenium Roentgenium Roentgenium 272 g/mol 1994 Society for Heavy Ion Research
112 Cp copernicium, ex ununbium Copernicium Copernicium, Ununbium 277 g/mol 1996 Society for Heavy Ion Research
113 Uut ununtrium Ununtrium Ununtrium
114 Fl flerovium, ex ununquadium Flerovium Flerovium, Ununquadium
115 Uup ununpentium Ununpentium Ununpentium
116 Lv livermorium, ex ununhexium Livermorium Livermorium, Ununhexium
117 Uus ununseptium Ununseptium Ununseptium
118 Uuo ununoctium Ununoctium Ununoctium

(gruppos), e.g. w:ia:metallos alcalin, terras alcalin, w:ia:halogenos, w:ia:gases nobile.

Tabella periodic[Bearbeiten]

Quelle w:ia:Tabella periodic del elementos
Gruppo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Periodo
1 1
H
2
He
2 3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3 11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4 19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5 37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6 55
Cs
56
Ba
* 72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7 87
Fr
88
Ra
** 104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo
* Lanthanoide – lanthanoidos 57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
** Actinoide – Actinidos 89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

Diese tabellarische Anordnung des Periodensystems trennt die Lanthanoide – lanthan(o)idos und Actinoide – actin(o)idos von den anderen Elementen ab.

Colores de bordos monstra Zustand – stato a Normalbedingungen – conditiones normal.   Stilos de bordos monstra occurrentia natural.
Festkörper – Solido Flüssigkeit – Liquido Gas Incogne   Primordial Zerfallend – De disintegration Synthetisch – Synthetic
Colores de fundos monstra w:ia:serie chimicw:Serie des Periodensystems.
Metallos alcalin Lanthanoide – Lanthanidos Metallos de transition Halbmetalle – Metalloides Halogene – Halogenos
Metallos alcalin terrose Actinoide – Actinidos Post-Übergangsmetalle? – Metallos de post-transition Nichtmetalle – Nonmetallos Edelgase – Gases nobile

Einige Begriffe (Sammlung)[Bearbeiten]

Anmerkung. Die Interlingua-Ausdrücke sind (zum Teil) als Vorschlag der jeweiligen Verfasser (der herangezogenen Interlingua-Artikel) zu verstehen! w:ia:elementos chimic, non w:ia:mixturas, compositos, o particulos subatomic, e cata w:ia:isotopo; w:ia:numero atomic (w:ia:protones, nucleo), (periodo), (gruppos) w:ia:configuration electronic; subconcha (e.g. w:ia:oxygeno e w:ia:selenium; w:ia:metallos alcalin w:ia:metallos alcalin terrose,

w:ia:Union International de Chimia Pur e Applicate (IUPAC), primordial, catenas de disintigration w:ia:americium a w:ia:copernicium, 113 a 188, numeros atomic.

Siehe auch (Interlingua-Wikipedia)[Bearbeiten]

Externe Links[Bearbeiten]

Diese Tabelle basiert auf dem Interlingua-Wikipedia-Artikel „Tabella periodic del Elementos