take

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take (Englisch)[Bearbeiten]

Verb[Bearbeiten]

Zeitform Person Wortform
simple present I, you, they take
he, she, it takes
simple past   took
present participle   taking
past participle   taken
Alle weiteren Formen: take (Konjugation)

Worttrennung:

take, takes, took, tak·ing, tak·en

Aussprache:

IPA: [teɪk]
Hörbeispiele: Lautsprecherbild take (britisch) (Info) Lautsprecherbild take (amerikanisch) (Info)
Reime: -eɪk

Bedeutungen:

mit Objekt:
[1] in eigenen Besitz, in eigene Hände, oder unter eigener Kontrolle (mit oder ohne Gewalt) bringen; nehmen
[2] gefangen nehmen oder erobern
[3] (Wild, Fisch, usw.; Kricket auch: einen Ball) fangen, zur Strecke bringen
[4] (fremdes Eigentum) in eigenen Besitz bringen (und gelegentlich wegtragen)
[5] (Rache usw.) nehmen, fordern
[6] (Schachfigur) schlagen, (einen Stich) machen, stechen
[7] (einen Preis, Bestechungsgelder usw.) empfangen
[8] als Bezahlung, Zahlungsmittel, Entschädigung oder Wiedergutmachung akzeptieren
[9] (Rat, Hinweis usw.) annehmen und befolgen
[10] (jemanden) (in einer Schule, Firma usw.) aufnehmen
[11] Rechtssprache, mit oder ohne Objekt: (Eigentum) gesetzlich empfangen (zum Beispiel durch Erben)
[12] aus (zum Beispiel einer Packung) nehmen
[13] durch den Tod entfernen: (jemanden) töten, (jemandem) das Leben nehmen
[14] abziehen, subtrahieren
[15] mit (jemandem) Geschlechtsverkehr haben
[16] (gegen jemanden) angehen, bekämpfen
[17] (zum Beispiel mit der Hand) greifen, erfassen
[18] auswählen (und gelegentlich wegtragen)
[19] (Partei) ergreifen
tragen oder führen
[20] (etwas mit sich) tragen, besonders von einem Ort zu einem anderen; reflexiv: sich bewegen; gehen, fahren oder fliegen
[21] (als Transportmittel) transportieren oder tragen; etwas oder jemanden von einem Ort an einen anderen bringen
[22] führen nach; als einen Weg nach (einem Ort) dienen
[23] (eine Hürde) nehmen, (eine Kurve) durchfahren
[24] begleiten, geleiten
[25] als Transportmittel verwenden; (Transportmittel) nehmen; mit (einem Transportmittel) fahren
[26] veraltet: (Ort, Stadt) besuchen
[27] durch Bezahlung erhalten; mieten, (eine Anzeige) annehmen
[28] regelmäßig durch Abonnement erhalten
einnehmen oder verzehren
[29] (Medizin oder Ähnliches) (zum Beispiel durch Einatmung oder Verschlucken) einnehmen
[30] (etwas) verzehren, essen oder trinken; speisen, (eine Mahlzeit) zu sich nehmen
erfahren, erleben, erdulden
[31] (etwas) unterworfen oder unterzogen werden
[32] (etwas) erleben, empfinden
[33] erdulden: etwas Negatives ohne Widerspruch geduldig über sich ergehen lassen
[34] (Urlaub) nehmen, (Prüfung) machen
[35] (etwas Negatives) erhalten, leiden
[36] den Zustand von etwas ändern lassen
[37] (etwas) betrachten; von etwas (auf eine bestimmte Weise) getroffen werden
[38] sich (eine Meinung, ein Urteil über etwas) bilden
[39] verstehen
[40] (etwas, zum Beispiel Verdienst oder Schuld) (richtiger- oder fälschlicherweise) auf sich nehmen
[41] aufs Wort glauben
[42] annehmen (eine Vermutung anstellen)
[43] (etwas aus etwas) entnehmen, ableiten; (einen Schluss) ziehen, (die Moral oder Bedeutung einer Geschichte) verstehen
[44] ableiten (von)
[45] von (einem Virus, einer Krankheit usw.) befallen werden; sich (eine Krankheit) holen
[46] erwischen
[47] bezaubern; das Interesse von (jemandem) wecken
[48] (Papier, Stoff usw.:) (Tinte, Farbe oder Poliermittel) gut aufsaugen
[49] (mit Wasser) volllaufen
[50] brauchen; erfordern; kosten
[51] (Platz) nehmen
[52] (Zeit oder Raum) benötigen, füllen
[53] nutzen, (Gelegenheit) ergreifen
[54] (etwas) ausführen; unternehmen
(Form, Gestalt) annehmen, (Rolle) spielen
[55] (eine Form oder Gestalt) annehmen
[56] (eine Rolle) spielen
[57] (einen Job oder Amt) annehmen oder antreten
[58] sich durch (etwas, zum Beispiel durch Leistung eines Amtseides) verpflichten
[59] (etwas) antreten, in oder auf (etwas) treten; auflaufen, einlaufen (auf etwas, zum Beispiel das Spielfeld, laufen)
[60] (einen Weg) gehen
[61] Rückgriff auf (etwas) nehmen
[62] (Puls, Fieber, Blutdruck, Bevölkerungszahl usw.) messen
[63] notieren (durch, oder als durch, Aufschreiben)
[64] (eine Foto- oder Videoaufnahme) machen
[65] veraltend: (jemanden oder etwas) aufnehmen, fotografieren
[66] Geld erhalten von (jemandem) (besonders durch Schwindel)
[67] lernen, studieren, besonders indem man einen Kurs macht
[68] (etwas) behandeln
[69] als Beispiel, oder auf eine bestimmte Weise, betrachten
[70] Baseball: ablehnen, einen Ball zu treffen
[71] Grammatik: mit (einem bestimmten Kasus, einer bestimmten Endung usw.) verwendet werden
[72] veraltet: (jemandem etwas) geben
[73] veraltet außer Dialekte: (einen Schlag) geben; schlagen
ohne Objekt:
[74] (Sachen, Liebe usw.) nehmen oder empfangen
wirken
[75] (Tinte, Farbe oder Poliermittel) gut kleben oder (von Papier usw.) aufgesaugt werden
[76] Wurzeln schlagen
[77] (Sperre) einhängen, (Gang) einlegen
[78] veraltend: (Menschen) bezaubern
[79] sich festsetzen, sich durchsetzen
[80] werden; auf eine bestimmte Weise betroffen werden
[81] veraltend: sich fotografieren lassen und auf eien bestimmte Weise (gut, schlecht, lebhaft, usw.) aussehen
[82] nicht standardsprachlich:[1] Verstärkungswort

Synonyme:

[2] seize, capture
[3] catch
[6] capture (Schachfigur), win (Stich)
[7] receive, accept
[8, 9] accept
[12] remove
[17] grip, grasp
[20] carry; reflexiv: go
[21] transport
[22] lead
[24] escort, convey
[31] undergo
[32] experience, feel
[33] submit to, endure
[35] suffer
[37] regard
[42] assume, suppose, reckon, regard, consider
[45, 46] catch
[47] captivate
[72] give, deliver (to)
[73] strike, hit
[76] [[take root]
[77] catch, engage
[80] become, fall
[81] photograph
[82] go

Sinnverwandte Wörter:

[4] steal
[9] follow
[16] take on
[18] select, choose
[25] use go by
[38] form
[75] adhere, absorb, take hold

Beispiele:

[1] You take a pen off the desk, and I'll take that plate off the table.
[1] They took Charlton's gun from his cold, dead hands.
[1] Meanwhile Nanny Broome was recovering from her initial panic and seemed anxious to make up for any kudos she might have lost, by exerting her personality to the utmost. She took the policeman's helmet and placed it on a chair, and unfolded his tunic to shake it and fold it up again for him.[2]
[2] The general commanded them to take the city, take the palace, and take the guards prisoner.
[3] The fisherman took ten catfish in one afternoon.
[4] Billy took her pencil.
[5] The cold weather took its toll on Napoleon's troops.
[5] When she found out he had cheated on her, she took revenge on her husband.
[6] Matilda took the next two tricks; Kasparov took Smith's rook.
[7] She took third place in the competition, but later the judge was arrested for taking bribes.
[7] The camera takes 35mm film.
[8] The store doesn't take checks or credit cards.
[8] She wouldn't take any money for her help.
[8] The vending machine only takes bills, it doesn't take coins.
[9] take my advice; take a hint; take her suggestion and go to China
[10] take a wife; the school only takes new students in the fall
[10] the therapist agreed to take him as a client
[11] mit Objekt: The only interest they have in the land arises under the will of E. J. Turnham, under which they take one half of the land.[3]
[11] ohne Objekt: There was no intestacy, and they did not take under the will as heirs.[4]
[12] Take two egg from the cartoon.
[13] The earthquake took many lives.
[13] The plague took rich and poor alike.
[13] He took his life last night.
[14] Take 1 from 3 and you are left with 2.
[15] He remembered her look of distress, her childish "Oh!" when he took her for the first time, clumsily, because he felt ashamed. And each time after that, each time they had sex together, [...] he tried to be as gentle as possible.[5]
[16] “You don't think I can take him?” Wow, Brian's jealous. Or – not jealous exactly, he thinks that I don't think he's up to the task of protecting Barbara from Mike, if he decides to make trouble.[6]
[16] My powers might not be up to his standards yet, but I think I can take him even if it comes down to a big fight.[7]
[16] Come to think of it, I should probably knock out James with my flashlight. He's bigger than me, and I don't think I can take him in a fair fight.[8]
[16] If it comes to a physical fight, I think I can take her. But she's so popular around here, it would probably be like punching Mary Poppins in the kisser.[9]
[17] He took her hand in his.
[18] take whichever bag you like; she took the best men with her and left the rest to garrison the city; I'll take the blue plates
[18] Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken. (1 Sam. 14.42)
Saul sprach: Werft über mich und meinen Sohn Jonathan! Da ward Jonathan getroffen.
[19] she took his side in every argument; take a stand on the important issues
[20] she took her sword with her everywhere she went
[20] He took the office plants home with him so he could water them while the office was closed for the winter.
[20] I'll take the plate with me.
[20] reflexiv: Nicholas then took himself to Avignon where in August 1330 he formally renounced his claim to the papacy.[10]
[21] The next bus will take you to Metz.
[21] I took him for a ride. / I took him down to London.
[22] These stairs take you down to the basement.
[22] Stone Street took us right past the store.
[23] she took the steps two or three at a time; he took the curve / corner too fast
[23] The pony took every hedge and fence in its path.
[24] He took her to lunch at the new restaurant, took her to the movies, and then took her home.
[24] They're taking the Hobbits to Isengard![11]
Sie bringen die Hobbits nach Isengart!
[25] take the ferry; he took the bus to London, and then took a train to Manchester
[26] Almost a year since, [they] took that city, in the way from Frederickstadt to Amsterdam, and gave them a visit. [12]
[26] Mr. Clayton had not been long in his new situation, before Mr. Wasley tendered his personal respects to him; "For in May (1733), he set out for Epsworth, and took Manchster in his way to see him."[13]
[27] she took a condo at the beach for the summer; he took (auch: took out) a full-page ad in the Times
[28] they took two magazines; I used to take the Times
[29] take two of these and call me in the morning; take the blue pill
[29] I take aspirin every day to thin my blood.
[30] the general took dinner at seven o'clock
[30] I'll take two sugars in my coffee, please
[30] such men as Mr. Hellyer, who every night take much strong drink[14]
[31] take sun-baths; take a shower; she made the decision to take chemotherapy
[32] she takes pride in her work; he took pleasure in his opponent's death; I take offence at that
[32] to take a dislike to someone
[33] took a pay cut; take a joke; the hull took a lot of punishment before it broke
[33] I can take the noise, but I can't take the smell.
[33] I can't take it anymore. = Ich verkrafte es nicht mehr.
[33] That truck bed will only take two tons.}}
[34] She took a vacation to France but spent the whole time feeling miserable that her husband couldn't be there with her.
[34] Aren't you supposed to take your math final today?
[35] the ship took a direct hit and was destroyed
[35] her career took a hit when she came out
[36] In 1961, they lined up a lawyer and an underwriter to take the company public.[15]
[37] he took the news badly
[37] Not unnaturally, "Auntie" took this communication in bad part. Thus outraged, she showed herself to be a bold as well as a furious virago.[16]
[38] took the decision to close its last remaining outlet
[38] took a dim view of city officials
[39] Don't take my comments as an insult.
[39] if she took my meaning
[39] The author explained the theory of Dove, which, if we took him correctly, was, that the lustre of bodies and particularly the metallic lustre arose from the light coming from the one stratum of the superficial particles of bodies interfering on the eye [...][17]
[40] He took all the credit for the project, although he had done almost none of the work.
[40] She took the blame, in the public's eyes, although the debacle was more her husband's fault than her own.
[41] take her word for it, take him at his word
[42] I take it from her comments she won't be there.
[42] I took him to be a person of honor. / Do you take me for (or: take me to be) a fool? / Looking at him as he came into the room, I took him for his father. / He was often taken to be a man of means.
[42] The dimensions of the ark, if we take a cubit to be equal to 15 feet, [...][18]
[43] I'm not sure what moral to take from that story.
{43] And the firm belief of a future Judgment, which shall render to every man according to his deeds, if it be well consider'd, is to a reasonable nature the most forcible motive of all other to a good life; because it is taken from the consideration of the greatest and most lasting happiness and misery that human nature is capable of.[19]
[44] As I Lay Dying takes its title from Book XI of Homer's Odyssey.
[45] took ill
[45] take a chill
sich erkälten
[46] take by surprise
überraschen
[46] her sudden arrival took him unaware / took him off guard
[47] took her fancy; took her attention; he was taken with the prospect of gold
[47] Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids.
Laß dich ihre Schöne nicht gelüsten in deinem Herzen und verfahe dich nicht an ihren Augenlidern. (Spr. 6.25)
[47] I know not why, but there was a something in those half-seen features, — a charm in the very shadow that hung over their imagined beauty, — which took me more than all the outshining loveliness of her companions. (Thomas Moore)
[48] cloth that takes dye well; paper that takes ink; the leather that takes a certain kind of polish
[49] The ship was taking seawater in 4 places, and the passengers had been without fresh water.[20]
[50] it takes a while to get used to the smell
[50] Looks like it's gonna take a taller person to get that down.
[50] Finishing this on schedule will take a lot of overtime.
[50] If the summary of the Tientsin society is accurate, a famine population of more than 14,000,000 is already bad enough. If it takes five dollars to keep one of them alive, [...][21]
[51] He took a seat in the front row.
[52] hunting that whale takes most of his free time; his collection takes a lot of space
[52] The trip will take about ten minutes.
[53] he took that opportunity to leave France
[54] take a walk; take action/steps/measures to fight drug abuse; take a trip; take aim; take exercise
[54] The kick is taken from where the foul occurred.
[54] Pirès ran in to take the kick.
[55] took the form of a duck, the mist took shape, a god taking the likeness of a bird
[56] take the part of the villain / hero
[57] take office; take the throne
[57] Policing the relationship between government and business in a free society is difficult. Businesspeople have every right to lobby governments, and civil servants to take jobs in the private sector.[22]
[58] he took the oath of office last night
[59] take the (playing) field
auf das Spielfeld laufen
[59] take the (witness) stand
in den Zeugenstand treten
[60] take another path
einen anderen Weg einschlagen/gehen
[60] take the path of least resistance
den Weg des geringsten Widerstands gehen
[60] take the next left (after about 200 metres)
nach ca. 200 Metern biegen Sie bei der nächsten Möglichkeit links
[61] take cover / shelter
in Deckung gehen
[61] take refuge
Zuflucht finden
[62] take someone's pulse / blood pressure
jemandem den Puls / Blutdruck messen
[62] take a census
eine Volkszählung durchführen
[63] he took a mental inventory of his supplies; she took careful notes
[64] she took a video of their encounter; could you take a picture of us?; the police took his fingerprints
[65] The photographer will take you sitting down.
[65] to take a group / a scene
[66] took me for ten grand
[67] as a child, she took ballet
[67] I plan to take math, physics, literature and flower arrangement this semester.
[68] take matters as they arise
[69] even the countries concerned — take, for instance, Poland — have [...]
selbst die betroffenen Länder — beispielsweise / betrachten wir als Beispiel Polen — haben [...]
[70] He'll probably take this ball.
[71] "mit" takes the dative
nach „mit“ steht der Dativ
[72] Now brynge me your sheld that I toke yow whanne ye went in to bataille ageynst kyng Tolleme (=Now bring me your shield that I took you when ye went into battle against King Tolleme)[23]
[72] Jesus perceaved there wylynes, and sayde: Why tempte ye me ye ypocrytes? lett me se the tribute money. And they toke hym a peny.[24]
Zeigt mir die Steuermünze! Da reichten sie ihm einen Denar.
[73] He took me a blow on the head.
[74] My husband and I have a dysfunctional marriage. He just takes and takes; he never gives.
Er nimmt und nimmt; er gibt nichts (zurück).
[75] the dye didn't take
[76] not all grafts take
[76] I started some tomato seeds last spring, but they didn't take.
[77] At the depot, Hook climbed out, slamming the door twice before the latch took.[25]
[78] Each wit may praise it for his own dear sake, / And hint he writ it, if the thing should take. (Joseph Addison)
[79] "When I was young," I said, "I was vaccinated with religion, but the vaccination didn't take."[26]
[80] They took ill within 3 hours.
[80] She took sick with the flu.
[81] "Photographs never do give anything but a pale imitation, you know, but the likenesses, as likenesses, are good. She ‘takes well’, as they say, and those were done lately."[27]
[82] I took and beat the devil out of him.[28]

Redewendungen:

to take a shine to sb./sth.
an jdm./etw. Gefallen finden - The cranes took a shine to the local peanut crops, costing farmers around $350,000 a year.
jdn./etw. ins Herz schließen - That little girl has really taken a shine to you.

Charakteristische Wortkombinationen:

take in
take off
take up

Übersetzungen[Bearbeiten]

Referenzen und weiterführende Informationen:

[*] Englischer Wikipedia-Artikel „take
[*] PONS Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „take
[*] dict.cc Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „take
[1–10,12–15,17–21,23,25,27,29–30,32–42,44–52,54–55,57–64,66–71,74,76,78–80] Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary „take
[1–15,17–25,27–34,36–42,44–48,50–54,56–58,60,62–68,70–71,75–81] Dictionary.com Englisch-Englisches Wörterbuch, Thesaurus und Enzyklopädie „take
[1–4,6–7,9–10,12,14,17–20,24,26-28,30-33,37,39,42-48,50,72-75,79–81] The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, redigiert von William Dwight Whitney und Benjamin E. Smith (1911)

Quellen:

  1. Harry Shaw, Errors in English and ways to correct them (1970), S. 93: In the sentence, "He took and beat the horse unmercifully," took and should be omitted entirely.
  2. Margery Allingham, The China Governess, 1963
  3. Conrad v Conrad et al (Court of Appeals of Kentucky, Feb. 25, 1913), in The Southwestern Reporter
  4. Lodge v Simonton, in Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 1832
  5. Georges Simenon, Monsieur Monde Vanishes, 2011
  6. J.J. DiBenedetto, Dream Doctor: Dream Series, Book 2, 2013, Seite 194
  7. Darlings of Darkness (A Vampire Anthology), 2015
  8. Jack Grisham, An American Demon: A Memoir, 2011
  9. Mary Carter, Three Months in Florence, 2013
  10. Edwin Mullins, The Popes of Avignon, Blue Bridge, 2007/8, Seite 59
  11. J. R. R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers
  12. Penn, Travels in Holland, etc
  13. Wesleyan Methodism in Manchester and its vicinity, 1827, 1. Band, Seite 7
  14. Walter Besant, The Ivory Gate, 1893
  15. Thomas M. Bloch, Many Happy Returns: The Story of Henry Bloch, 2010, Seite 86
  16. W. B. Maxwell, The Mirror and the Lamp, 1918
  17. The American Journal of Science and Arts, 1853, Seite 125
  18. Edwin Basil Redlich, The early traditions of Genesis, 1950, Seite 108
  19. Vorlage:w, Sermon V, The Excellency of the Christian Religion
  20. Anne and Robert Sinai, Israel & the Arabs: prelude to the Jewish state, 1972
  21. China Monthly Review 15, 1920, Seite 357
  22. Schumpeter, Cronies and capitols, in The Economist, 408. Band, N. 8848, 2013-08-10
  23. Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Buch XIII, 1485
  24. Mt. 22.19, durch William Tyndale im Jahre 1526 übersetzt
  25. Sheldon Russell, The Yard Dog: A Mystery, 2009, Seite 210
  26. Richard Martin Stern, The Kessler Legacy, 1967, Seite 103
  27. Jessie Fothergill, Kith and Kin, in The Eclectic Magazine, 1881
  28. Max Brand, Silvertip's Trap, 2012, ISBN 1440549834

Substantiv[Bearbeiten]

Singular Plural
the take the takes

Worttrennung:

take, Plural: takes

Aussprache:

IPA: []
Hörbeispiele: —
Reime: -eɪk

Bedeutungen:

[1] der oder eine Akt des Nehmens
[2] das Genommene; Fang, erbeutetes Gut
[3] Geld, das eingenommen worden ist; Einnahme; besonders: Gewinn
[4] Menge von gefangenen Tieren oder Fischen; Fang
[5] Ansicht, Meinung (bezüglich jemandem oder etw)
[6] Behandlung, Darstellung; Herangehensweise
[7] Film: (ununterbrochene) Aufnahme einer Szene
[8] Musik: (ununterbrochene) Aufnahme einer Musikaufführung
[9] sichtbare Reaktion auf etwas (besonders: Unerwartetes); Gesichtsausdruck, der als Reaktion auf etwas entsteht
[10] Medizin: ein Fall von erfolgreicher Impfung
[11] Rugby, Kricket: Fang eines Balles
[12] Druck:

Synonyme:

[1] taking
[2] haul
[3] income, ~profit; haul
[4] catch, haul
[5] view, perspective
[6] approach, treatment
[11] catch

Beispiele:

[1] The 1994 Amendments address the incidental take of marine mammals in the course of commercial fishing, not the direct lethal take of pinnipeds for management purposes.[1]
[3] He wants half of the take if he helps with the job.
[3] The mayor is on the take.
[3] The take was much larger than we expected.
[5] What's your take on this issue, Fred?
[6] a new take on a traditional theme / dish
eine neue Darstellung eines traditionellen Themas / Gerichts
[6] a new take on the classic bottle
eine erneuerte Ausgabe der klassischen Flasche
[6] a unique take on a traditional candleholder
eine außergewöhnliche Umsetzung eines traditionellen Kerzenhalter
[7] Scene three, take two.
Dritte Szene, zweite Aufnahme.
[9] did a double take and then a triple take
[9] a spit take
[9] I did a take when I saw the new car in the driveway.

Übersetzungen[Bearbeiten]

Referenzen und weiterführende Informationen:

[1–10] Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary „take
[2–10] Dictionary.com Englisch-Englisches Wörterbuch, Thesaurus und Enzyklopädie „take
[*] PONS Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „take
[*] dict.cc Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „take

Quellen:

  1. Impacts of California sea lions and Pacific harbor seals [...] (herausgegeben von The United States National Marine Fisheries Service), 1999, Seite 32