want

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want (Englisch)[Bearbeiten]

Verb[Bearbeiten]

Zeitform Person Wortform
simple present I, you, they want
he, she, it wants
simple past   wanted
present participle   wanting
past participle   wanted

Worttrennung:

want, Partizip Perfekt: want•ed, Partizip Präsens: want•ing

Aussprache:

IPA: brE [wɒnt], amE [wɑnt],
Partizip Perfekt: brE [ˈwɒntʰɪd], amE [ˈwɑntʰɪd],
Partizip Präsens: brE [ˈwɒntɪŋ], amE [ˈwɑntɪŋ]
Hörbeispiele: —, Partizip Perfekt: —, Partizip Präsens:

Bedeutungen:

[1] wollen, wünschen
[2] (jemanden) sprechen wollen, (nach jemandem) verlangen oder fragen
[3] nur Passiv: (als Tatverdächtiger) gesucht werden
[4] sexuell begehren
[5] amE umgangssprachlich, mit in/into/out: (in einen Ort, eine Situation) hineinwollen, herauswollen
[6] benötigen, erfordern (brE umgangssprachlich auch mit Dingen als Subjekt)
[7] brE umgangssprachlich: verdienen
[8] bildlich: entbehren, fehlen, vermissen, darben, sich in Not oder Armut befinden
[9] euphemistisch: sollen

Herkunft:

Von altnordisch vanta (fehlen). Erscheint im Englischen seit dem 13. Jahrhundert.

Synonyme:

[1] wish, desire, feel inclined to; höflich: would like
[2] demand, ask
[3] search, look for, hunt
[4] desire, crave for, lust for, be keen on
[6] need, require, demand, call for
[7] deserve
[8] miss, lack, fall short by
[9] ought, should; have to, must

Gegenwörter:

[1] have, hold; abhor, abominate, despise, detest, execrate, hate, loathe; decline, refuse, reject, spurn

Beispiele:

[1] We want answers to our questions.
[1] He wants to marry a rich girl.
[1] She wanted me to take her to Italy.
[1] Mr. Jones wants his car repaired by tomorrow.
[1] Steve wants Mike as his classmate.
[2] The boss wants you in his office.
[2] You are wanted on the telephone.
[3] He is wanted by the police in connection with a murder case.
[4] He was so good-looking, she wanted him on the spot.
[5] Would you open the door? The cat wants in.
[5] If anyone wants out, there’s the door.
[6] The farmers desperately want rain.
[6] This invoice wants paying.
[7] That rascal! He wants a good smack in his face!
[8] You shall want for nothing while you are with me.
[8] It wanted twenty minutes to midnight.
[9] You want to be very careful what you say.

Charakteristische Wortkombinationen:

if you want (wenn du möchtest; Beispiel: I’ll cook you a meal if you want.)
say what you want (sag was du willst; Beispiel: say what you want, she is honest)
want for (Beispiel: they want for nothing, es fehlt ihnen an nichts)
want ad (Kleinanzeige mit „gesucht wird…“)
want badly, want really (unbedingt wollen)
want something back (etwas zurückhaben wollen)

Wortbildungen:

wanter (jemand, der etwas will)
unwanted (unerwünscht)
want-away (abwanderungs-, wechselwillig)

Übersetzungen[Bearbeiten]

Substantiv[Bearbeiten]

Singular Plural
the want the wants

Bedeutungen:

[1] Wunsch, Bedarf, Bedürfnis
[2] Entbehrung, Fehlen, Mangel, Not

Synonyme:

[1] wish, need, desire
[2] deficiency, lack, poverty, absence, dearth

Gegenwörter:

[2] presence; abundance, amplitude, bounty, plenitude, plenteousness, plentifulness, plentitude, plenty, wealth; adequacy, sufficiency; excess, overabundance, oversupply, superabundance, surfeit, surplus; deluge, flood; bushel, deal, gobs, heap, loads, lot, mass, mountain, much, oodles, peck, pile, pot, quantity, raft, reams, scads, stack, volume, wad; fund, pool, stock, supply; cache, hoard, stash, stockpile

Beispiele:

[1] I know his wants and desires.
[1] He is in want of an assistant.
[2] Those old houses are in want of repair.
[2] For want of a pajama he slept in his underwear.
[2] In this country want was virtually unknown.

Charakteristische Wortkombinationen:

for want of (mangels, aus Mangel an, in Ermangelung)
for want of evidence (aus Mangel an Beweisen)
for want of form (wegen eines Formfehlers)
suffer want (Not leiden)

Wortbildungen:

wantless
wantlessness
self-want

Übersetzungen[Bearbeiten]

Referenzen und weiterführende Informationen:

[1] Oxford Dictionaries Online „want
[1] Macmillan Dictionary: „want“ (britisch), „want“ (US-amerikanisch)
[1] Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary „want
[1] Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus „want
[1] Dictionary.com Englisch-Englisches Wörterbuch, Thesaurus und Enzyklopädie „want
[1] PONS Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „want
[1] dict.cc Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „want
[1] LEO Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „want

Ähnliche Wörter:

wait, wan, wand, wank, wart, went, wont, won’t
englische Reimwörter: blunt, brunt, bunt, front, grunt, hunt, Lunt, punt, runt, shunt, strunt, stunt, wont